Onfido takes UK one step closer to digital ID
Onfido, an identity verification start-up which helps financial institutions meet know your customer (KYC) and anti-money laundering (AML) requirements, has successfully tested a digital ID pilot in the UK, Find Biometrics reports.
Regulated in by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), the fintech’s sandbox pilot began in February 2019, and involved help from Evernym and Deloitte.
The start-up says the pilot, which tested the viability of reusable digital identities in a commercial setting, enjoyed “extremely positive” results.
“This pilot was instrumental in proving that portable identity significantly improves both consumer experience and protection,” Onfido’s co-Founder and CEO Husayn Kassai said in a statement.
It found that the portable identities both streamlined onboarding procedures and reduced the cost of compliance for financial institutions.
“We’re proceeding to apply it to other geographies and services such as renting a car, checking into a hotel, and even voting,” Kassai added.
The idea is that credentialing organisations will verify a set of personal information, and then issue a digital ID to the owner of that information which can be stored on their smartphone.
This digital credential, in theory, will then be able to be shared to authenticate other services with the identity owner’s permission.
“Identity is broken and needs fixing,” Kassai told TechCrunch after the fintech’s $100 million funding round in April, explaining that the start-up wants to create an alternative identity verification layer for the internet.
The UK’s AML regulation update in January, which allows electronic credentials, will underpin Onfido’s next phase in its digital identity pilot, which would see the launch of a commercial offering. The fintech is also currently working with the UK to develop biometric immunity passports in response to COVID-19.
Other players in the financial industry have been addressing the issue of digital identity. Last month, a group of private and non-profit firms including IBM, R3, Mastercard, and Accenture, came together to create the Trust over IP (ToIP) Foundation, led by the Linux Foundation, a non-profit technology consortium.
This cross-industry coalition aims to work towards adopting a standard for a decentralised digital identity exchange over the internet.
Director general for the Emerging Payments Association (EPA), Tony Craddock, told FinTech Futures it’s “blindingly obvious” that a uniform, ubiquitous means of identifying people “makes sense”.
“Where it has been successfully adopted, we’ve seen reduced friction, enhanced security, reduced fraud and improved access to the best products for everyone, without contravening privacy rights,” explains Craddock.
Whilst many countries already have government-issued electronic verification solutions (eIDs), such as Germany, Italy, Spain, Afghanistan, Indonesia, and Bangladesh, the UK and the US are still yet to offer something akin to eIDs.
Craddock says it hasn’t happened in the UK yet because the data required to create these solutions is owned by different parties, such as banks, public institutions and even fintechs, but “nobody is prepared to share”.
“Many have tried to bring this to the top of the government agenda as it really needs to be funded centrally,” says Craddock, who points out that since the 2006 Identity Card Act failed “totally”, no government has been prepared “to grasp this nettle”.