Chinese renminbi regains place in top five global currencies
The Chinese renminbi regained ground internationally as more banks adopt the currency, propelling its position into the top five global payment currencies worldwide, according to the latest batch of data from Swift.
In May 2015, 1,081 financial institutions used the RMB for payments with China and Hong Kong, representing 35% of all institutions exchanging payments with the latter across all currencies. This is a 22% increase in the number of institutions using the RMB and a 6% increase in adoption, up from 29% two years ago.
In January the RMB moved into the top five in the league of international payments currencies, but dropped back to seventh place in February, partly for seasonal reasons at the time of the Chinese New Year.
In May 2015, RMB adoption for payments by financial institutions in Asia Pacific increased to 37% from 33% in May 2013. At the same time, the Americas experienced even stronger growth with financial institutions increasing their use of the RMB for payments by 10%, leading to 37% adoption. Europe follows closely with 33% adoption and Africa/Middle East with 28%.
“Every month we witness new proof of global RMB adoption”, said Michael Moon, head of payments, Asia Pacific, Swift. “The number of banks that use RMB for payments with China and Hong Kong is a key internationalisation indicator. This large number also shows that many banks, across the globe, may have an interest in connectivity to the China International Payment System that China will launch by end of the year”.
Overall, the RMB strengthened its position as the fifth most active currency for global payments in value and accounted for 2.18% of payments worldwide in May 2015. Although all currencies decreased in value by 3.1%, RMB payments increased in value by 1.99% compared to April 2015 which leads to its record high share in global payments.