Market incentives stacked against network security – US Government report
“Market incentives motivate product developers, manufacturers and vendors to minimise cost and time to market, rather than to build in security or offer efficient security updates,” according to the draft report from the US departments of Commerce and Homeland Security. “There has to be a better balance between security and convenience when developing products.”
Enterprise Cloud News (FinTech Futures‘ sister publication) reports that the 38-page report, entitled “A Report to the President on Enhancing the Resilience of the Internet and Communications Ecosystem Against Botnets and other Automated, Distributed Threats,” was released for public comment.
It’s a reaction to a 11 May executive order by President Donald Trump calling for increased “resilience against botnets and other automated, distributed threats”.
The report is comprehensive, identifying problems, making a series of recommendations, and covering service providers, enterprises and consumers. It identifies the internet of things (IoT) as a particularly troublesome vector for attacks, which can fortunately be secured using existing security tools and best practices.
The report singles out the May 2016 Mirai botnet attacks as a particular example of the need for better industry-wide security practices: “The DDoS attacks launched from the Mirai botnet in the fall [autumn] of 2016, for example, reached a level of sustained traffic that overwhelmed many common DDoS mitigation tools and services, and even disrupted a domain name system (DNS) service that was a commonly used component in many DDoS mitigation strategies.
“The attack also highlighted the growing insecurities in – and threats from – consumer-grade IoT devices. As a new technology, IoT devices are often built and deployed without important security features and practices in place.”
The report identifies six “themes”:
- “Automated distributed attacks are a global problem.”
- “Effective tools exist, but are not widely used.”
- “Products should be secured during all stages of the lifecycle.”
- “Education and awareness is needed.”
- “Market incentives are misaligned.”
- “Automated, distributed attacks are an ecosystem-wide challenge.”
On the issue of market incentives: Enterprises are not taking advantage of “the full slate of anti-DDoS services, due to the expense and the complexity of integrating those services into the other components of the enterprise’s network,” the report states.
Best practices “are at times expensive, difficult to manage, and require stilled staff; they are also typically built around past crises, making it difficult to argue for a large amount of excess capacity, for example, until under attack”.
As for IoT: “Unfortunately, the state of IoT devices is much like that of desktop computing in the 1990s. “Vendors frequently cut corners on security, making IoT devices appealing targets for attackers.
The November 2016 Ericsson Mobility Report predicts IoT devices will surpass mobile hones as the largest category of connected devices this year, the federal report notes, adding: “Given the level of security on these device, that is a daunting proposition.”
Legacy servers, desktops, laptops and mobile phones are no longer supported by manufacturers, increasing security vulnerabilities, the report says. And the prevalence of pirated software, which is not supported by the original manufacturer, exacerbates the problems.
What to do about it? The report recommends aligning market incentives with increased security, establishing baseline security best practices, having the federal government lead by example in its own procurement by mandating security standards, wider adoption of software development tools and practices to reduce the incidence of security vulnerabilities, and more.
What next? Following a comment period, the Department of Commerce will hold a two-day workshop to discuss future directions on 28 February and 1 March. The final report is due to the President 11 May.
The draft report comes as security researchers warn about vulnerabilities, dubbed “Spectre” and “Meltdown,” that affect an estimated billions of processors, including chips from Intel, AMD and ARM, built into PCs and mobile devices since 1995.